Beautiful coral farmers cultivated Indonesia
Chalice and Chypastrea
SPS for sale January 2013
sps acropora 2013
Anatomy of the Corals
Anatomy of the corals we will share here is still basic.
Do you know that many people wondered if corals including species of animals or plants?
In fact, coral is an animal that has a shape like a tube with a mouth on that also serves as an anus.
In the vicinity of the mouth surrounded by tentacles which serves as a food catcher.
In addition to the mouth, coral also has a throat that is directly connected to the abdominal cavity. In the belly of coral, there is a kind of gut that serves as a means of digesting. We can see, the picture on the right is a picture of the anatomy of the corals.
We need to know that these corals also have some of the cells. Two of these cells is: nematocyts cell and mocus cell. Nematocyts cell is stinging cell that serves as a means of catching food and defend themselves. While mocus cell, functioning as a production mocus to help catch food and to cleanse themselves of sediment attached.
The main building corals, is a scleractinian, or coral rock. Most of the corals, live in symbiosis with unicellular algae inside the coral endoderm tissue.
Single-celled algae with microscopic size and the color brown is called Zoozanthellae.
Zooxanthellae require sunlight for photosynthesis so it can grow and breed well. Besides sunlight, zooxanthellae need other nutrients namely nitrogen and phosphorus. These nutrients are absorbed directly by the coral in the body tissues leading to tissue algae through photosynthesis and respiration processes.
Each type of coral requiring different light intensity. It depends on the depth of coral origin. Coral from shallow seas require sunlight intensity is very high. Unlike the coral from the deep ocean, the intensity of sunlight that is needed is very low.
Examples of coral, which is derived from the shallow sea, among others: polyps, mushrooms, Acropora formosa, and so forth.
Examples of coral, which comes from the deep ocean, among others: blustomusa, scolymia, Favia and others.
That is why it is important to us, before we preserve coral in the aquarium, is expected to first learn about Anatomy of the Corals.
Anatomy of the Corals that we share in this thread may be useful for visitors.
At another occasion I hope we can add some other things about the Anatomy of the Corals.
Euphyllia Glabrescens Coral from Bali
Euphyllia Glabrescens Coral from Bali was very unique and it’s very favourite to almost marine aquarium hobbiest. What a difference this coral with other coral? This coral is very strong colour especially the one that comes from Bali Island. The thypical color of this coral are deep green metallic at its tentacle, and combine with different colour at the tip of tentacle.
There are two combinations of the color of Euphyllia Glabrescens Coral from Bali as follows : two colours euphyllia glabrescens green metallic tentacle with white tips and green metallic tentacle with yellow tips.
Euphyllia Glabrescens Coral from Bali are found in Bali area sea , the best one is at Nusa dua beach, which is very strong color, and the tentacle are bigger. The other coral comes from north bali, which is found at deep sea water , more than 10 meter . In its native habitat, the growth of this coral are faster than any other area in Bali or Indonesia (Java, Sulawesi).
Many marine aquariums hobbiest love this coral very much, and It means that the population at the habitat will be decrease in the future. It’s a good news for us that since last one decade, at early year 2000, some coral exporter had been succeed in breeding and cultivated them. As we know that compare to the wild coral, the breeding coral are better in quality , especially the level of DoA (death on Arrival ) during the shipment also the survival rate after the coral lives at aquariums.
The most important things to consider when we have the coral in our aquarium is pH level 8.1-8.4 , temperature should be at 25 Celcius degree and Its better if we use LED lamp than metal halide lamps. The wave current level should be at medium level . Special precautions should be considered when the hobbiest place Euphyllia Glabbrescens coral from Bali in their aquariums. The tentacle’s coral consist of nematocyst which can killed other marine species like doughnut or other open brain coral.
In coral trade now, the composition of wild coral and transplant coral still 80:20 , and It means that a good chance for us to develope the market of transplant Euphyllia Glabrescens Coral from Bali.